Supply Chain Analyses
ORNL Report ORNL/TM-2010-120.
Optimal Biorefinery Locations and Transportation Network for the Future Biofuels Industry in Illinois
This article addresses development of the Illinois ethanol industry through the period 2007-2022, responding to the ethanol production mandates of the Renewable Fuel Standard by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The planning for corn-based and cellulosic ethanol production requires integrated decisions on transportation, plant location, and capacity.
Discussions of alternative fuel and propulsion technologies
for transportation often overlook the infrastructure
required to make these options practical and costeffective.
We estimate ethanol production facility locations
and use a linear optimization model to consider the
economic costs of distributing various ethanol fuel blends
to all metropolitan areas in the United States. Fuel
options include corn-based E5 (5% ethanol, 95% gasoline)
to E16 from corn and switchgrass, as short-term substitutes
for petroleum-based fuel. Our estimates of 1-2 cents per L
One fundamental issue influencing the economic viability of the thanol industry is consumers' demand responsiveness to both gasoline and ethanol price changes. This paper presents an alternative approach by estimating the geographic variation of price elasticity of demand for ethanol across the study area.
A presentation by Bruce Heine of Magellan Midstream Partners to the 2006 Bioeconomy Conference held at Iowa State University.
A presentation by Andrea Grant of Independent Fuel Terminal Operators Association.
Since the mid-1990s there has been a growing worldwide interest in alternative transport fuels, of which ethanol is among the most promising options. This interest has in recent years gathered pace, stimulated by high oil prices and the generally perceived view that this trend is likely to accentuate in the future. The need to reduce GHG emissions is also a fundamental reason for this interest. The focus of this paper is on fuel ethanol production from sugar and starches with emphasis on short-term issues and implications for the global market.
This article investigates ethanol and its integration into the petroleum supply chain. Recent state and federal mandates require varying levels of ethanol in reformulated gasoline (RFG) and, consequently, new complexities are being introduced into what has to this point been a streamlined petroleum supply chain.