Understanding the complex interactions among food security, bioenergy sustainability, and resource management
requires a focus on specific contextual problems and opportunities. The United Nations’ 2030 Sustainable
Development Goals place a high priority on food and energy security; bioenergy plays an important role in
achieving both goals. Effective food security programs begin by clearly defining the problem and asking, ‘What
can be done to assist people at high risk?’ Simplistic global analyses, headlines, and cartoons that blame biofuels
for food insecurity may reflect good intentions but mislead the public and policymakers because they obscure
the main drivers of local food insecurity and ignore opportunities for bioenergy to contribute to solutions.
Applying sustainability guidelines to bioenergy will help achieve near- and long-term goals to eradicate hunger.
Priorities for achieving successful synergies between bioenergy and food security include the following: (1) clarifying
communications with clear and consistent terms, (2) recognizing that food and bioenergy need not compete
for land and, instead, should be integrated to improve resource management, (3) investing in technology,
rural extension, and innovations to build capacity and infrastructure, (4) promoting stable prices that incentivize
local production, (5) adopting flex crops that can provide food along with other products and services to society,
and (6) engaging stakeholders to identify and assess specific opportunities for biofuels to improve food security.
Systematic monitoring and analysis to support adaptive management and continual improvement are essential
elements to build synergies and help society equitably meet growing demands for both food and energy.

Contact Information
Contact Person: 
Keith L. Kline
Contact Organization: 
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Information
Author: 
KEITH L. KLINE
SIWA MSANGI2
VIRGINIA H. DALE3
JEREMY WOODS4
GLAUCIA M. SOUZA5
PATRICIA OSSEWEIJER6
JOY S. CLANCY7
JORGE A. HILBERT8
FRANCIS X. JOHNSON9
PATRICK C. MCDONNELL10
HARRIET K. MUGERA11
Publication Year: 
2016
DOI: 
10.1111/gcbb.12366
DOE Information
Bioenergy Category: