Taking Brazilian bioethanol as an example, this paper presents possible sustainability criteria for a certification scheme aimed to minimize negative socio-ecological impacts and to increase the sustainable production of biomass. We describe the methods that have led us to the identification of a first set of feasible sustainability criteria for Brazilian bioethanol and discuss issues to be considered when developing certification schemes for sustainability. General problems of a certification scheme lie in the inherent danger of introducing new non-tariff trade barriers and in the problems of including important higher scale issues like land conversion and food security. A certification system cannot replace a thorough analysis of policy impacts on sustainability issues.

Contact Information
Contact Person: 
R. Delzeit
Contact Organization: 
Institute for Food and Resource Economics, University of Bonn
Publication Information
Author: 
R. Delzeit
K. Holm-Müller
Publication Year: 
2009
DOE Information
Bioenergy Category: