Biofuel Production + Datasets + BioFuels Atlas + Biofuels Production + Biodiesel + Ethanol + Biomass Energy Production + Literature + Conversion to Ethanol + Energy Data Books + Environmental and Sustainability Impacts + Policy Impacts + Production and Location Economics + Production Technology + Models

Alternative Fuels Data Center

The Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) provides information, data, and tools to help fleets and other transportation decision makers find ways to reduce petroleum consumption through the use of alternative and renewable fuels, advanced vehicles, and other fuel-saving measures.

Date Range: 
September 16

BioFuels Atlas

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) originally developed this application for biopower with funding from the Environmental Protection Agency's Blue Skyways Collaborative. The Department of Energy's Office of Biomass Program provided funding for biofuels functionality. More information on funding agencies is available: and


Microalgae Water Use and Costs

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A key advantage of using microalgae for biofuel production is the ability of some algal strains to thrive in waters unsuitable for conventional crop irrigation such as saline groundwater or seawater. Nonetheless, the availability of sustainable water supplies will provide significant challenges for scale-up and development of algal biofuels. We conduct a partial techno-economic assessment based on the availability of freshwater, saline groundwater, and seawater for use in open pond algae cultivation systems.

Contact Information
Contact Person: 
Andre Coleman
Contact Organization: 
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Biofuel landuse change (BioLUC) model

We present a system dynamics global LUC model intended to examine LUC attributed to biofuel production. The model has major global land system stocks and flows and can be exercised under different food and biofuel demand assumptions. This model provides insights into the drivers and dynamic interactions of LUC, population, dietary choices, and biofuel policy rather than a precise number generator.

Date Range: 
September 30

Projected Biomass Utilization for Fuels and Power in a Mature Market

The U.S. biomass resource can be used several ways that provide domestic, renewable energy to users. Understanding the capacity of the biomass resource, its potential in energy markets, and the most economic utilization of biomass is important in policy development and project selection. This study analyzed the potential for biomass within markets and the competition between them.


Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Expansion: Costs, Resources, Production Capacity, and Retail Availability for Low-Carbon Scenarios

The petroleum-based transportation fuel system is complex and highly developed, in contrast to the nascent low-petroleum, low-carbon alternative fuel system. This report examines how expansion of the low-carbon transportation fuel infrastructure could contribute to deep reductions in petroleum use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions across the U.S. transportation sector.


Literature Review and Sensitivity Analysis of Biopower Life-Cycle Assessments and Greenhouse Gas Emission

Biomass power offers utilities a potential pathway to increase their renewable generation portfolios for compliance with renewable energy standards and to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions relative to current fossil-based technologies. To date, a large body of life-cycle assessment (LCA) literature assessing biopower’s life-cycle GHG emissions has been published.


Comparing Scales of Environmental Effects from Gasoline and Ethanol Production

Understanding the environmental effects of alternative fuel production is critical to characterizing the sustainability of energy resources to inform policy and regulatory decisions. The magnitudes of these environmental effects vary according to the intensity and scale of fuel production along each step of the supply chain. We compare the spatial extent and temporal duration of ethanol and gasoline production processes and environmental effects based on a literature review and then synthesize the scale differences on space-time diagrams.

Parish, Esther

Global economic effects of US biofuel policy and the potential contribution from advanced biofuels

Background: This study evaluates the global economic effects of the current US RFS2, and the potential
contribution from advanced biofuels. Results & discussion: Our simulation results suggest that these
mandates lead to an increase of 0.21% in the global gross domestic product in 2022, including an increase of
0.8% in the USA and 0.02% in the rest of the world, relative to our baseline no-RFS scenario. The incremental
contributions to gross domestic product from advanced biofuels in 2022 are estimated at 0.41 and 0.04% in