Biofuel Production + Datasets + BioFuels Atlas + Biofuels Production + Biodiesel + Ethanol + Biomass Energy Production + Literature + Conversion to Ethanol + Energy Data Books + Environmental and Sustainability Impacts + Policy Impacts + Production and Location Economics + Production Technology + Models
The Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) provides information, data, and tools to help fleets and other transportation decision makers find ways to reduce petroleum consumption through the use of alternative and renewable fuels, advanced vehicles, and other fuel-saving measures.
The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) originally developed this application for biopower with funding from the Environmental Protection Agency's Blue Skyways Collaborative. The Department of Energy's Office of Biomass Program provided funding for biofuels functionality. More information on funding agencies is available: http://www.blueskyways.org and http://www.eere.energy.gov/biomass/.
Good policy follows good science: using criteria and indicators for assessing sustainable biofuel production
Developing scientific criteria and indicators should play a critical role in charting a sustainable path for the rapidly developing biofuel industry. The challenge ahead in developing such criteria and indicators is to address the limitations on data and modeling.
Relationships between people and their environment are largely defined by land use. Space and soil are needed for native plants and wildlife, as well as for crops used for food, feed, fiber, wood products and biofuel (liquid fuel derived from plant material). People also use land for homes, schools, jobs, transportation, mining and recreation. Social and economic forces influence the allocation of land to various uses. The
A Workshop for Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and their collaborators was held on September 10-11, 2009 at ORNL. The informal workshop focused on “Sustainability of Bioenergy Systems: Cradle to Grave.” The topics covered included sustainability issues associated with feedstock production and transport, production of biofuels and by-products, and delivery and consumption by the end users.
As we enter the 21st century, policy-makers face complex decisions regarding options for meeting the demand for transportation fuels. There is now a broad scientific consensus that the burning of fossil fuels has been contributing to climate change,1 and the transportation sector is a major contributor (see Figure 1). Yet global demand for energy and transport fuel is rapidly rising.
Scientific analysis is essential to assess biofuel policy effects: In response to the paper by Kim and Dale on “Indirect landuse change for biofuels: Testing predictions and improving analytical methodologies”
Land-use change (LUC) estimated by economic models has sparked intense international debate. Models estimate how much LUC might be induced under prescribed scenarios and rely on assumptions to generate LUC values. It is critical to test and validate underlying
For analyzing sustainability of algal biofuels, we identify 16 environmental indicators that fall into six categories: soil quality, water quality and quantity, air quality, greenhouse gas emissions, biodiversity, and productivity. Indicators are selected to be practical, widely applicable, predictable in response, anticipatory of future changes, independent of scale, and responsive to management.
WATER Online assesses water resource use and water quality across the fuel production stages by quantifying water footprint of fuel through feedstock poduction to conversion process with spatial resolution. It is an interactive and visual tool that provides analysis on water demand and its impact on water availability at county, state, and regional scale. WATER adopts a water footprint methodology and contains extensive climate, land use, water resources, and process water data.