Firstly, thank you for making the 2011 BT2 county-level data freely available and the data sources so transparent. This is a great resource for biomass information.
Sources of corn for ethanol production in the United States:a decomposition analysis of the empirical data
Sources of corn for ethanol production in the United States: a decomposition analysis of the empirical data
The use of corn for ethanol production in the United States quintupled between 2001 and 2009, generating concerns that this could lead to the conversion of forests and grasslands around the blobe, known as indirect land-use change (iLUC). Estimates of iLUC and related "food versus fuel" concerns rest on the assumption that the corn used for ethanol production in the United States would come primarily from displacing corn exports and land previously used for other crops.
Impact of Biofuel Industry Expansion on Grain Utilization and Distribution: Preliminary Results of Iowa Grain and Biofuel Survey
This paper examines the impact of biofuel expansion on grain utilization and distribution at the state and cropping district level as most of grain producers and handlers are directly influenced by the local changes. We conducted a survey to understand the utilization and flows of corn, ethanol and its co-products, such as dried distillers grains (DDG) in Iowa. Results suggest that the rapidly expanding ethanol industry has a significant impact on corn utilization in Iowa.
Optimal Biorefinery Locations and Transportation Network for the Future Biofuels Industry in Illinois
This article addresses development of the Illinois ethanol industry through the period 2007-2022, responding to the ethanol production mandates of the Renewable Fuel Standard by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The planning for corn-based and cellulosic ethanol production requires integrated decisions on transportation, plant location, and capacity.
A system of equations representing corn supply, feed demand, export demand, food, alcohol and industrial (FAI) demand, and corn price is estimated by three-stage least squares. A price dependent reduced form equation is then formed to investigate the effect of ethanol production on the national average corn price. The elasticity of corn price with respect to ethanol production is then obtained. Results suggest that ethanol production has a positive impact on the national corn price and that the demand from FAI has a greater impact on the corn price than other demand categories.
Spatial Marketing Patterns for Corn Under the Condition of Increasing Ethanol Production in the U.S.
Events external to agriculture have set in motion the conditions for structural change in the marketing of corn in the U.S. These included a rapid increase in the price of crude oil from $40 per barrel to over $100 caused by hurricanes, geopolitical events, an increased global demand for energy from countries like China and India, and in December 2007, the U.S. raising the renewable fuel standards. The results of this research show that there could be significant changes in the historical utilization and marketing of corn in the U.S.
This study focuses on the simulation of a complete process for producing butanol via
acetone, butanol, and ethanol corn fermentation.
This is an overview of transportation issues facing a rapidly expanding
U.S. ethanol industry in the context of the U.S. corn market—currently the main source of ethanol production
in the United States. The aim of the report is to present a frame of reference as the ethanol industry continues
to grow and additional transportation benchmarks and indicators develop by providing analysis of
transportation requirements for corn-based ethanol and its impact on grain transportation.
Potential Infrastructre Constraints on Current Corn based and Future Biomass based U.S. Ethanol Production
This paper summarizes some of the major impacts rapid growth in the corn
based ethanol (CE) production is now having on infrastructure in the Midwestern corn
producing states and examines some of the likely infrastructure needs that might be
expected to occur as a consequence of the future development of biomass based ethanol (BE) production