ORNL Report ORNL/TM-2010-120.
In the corn ethanol industry, the ability of plants to obtain favorable prices through marketing decisions is considered important for their overall economic performance. Based on a panel of surveyed of ethanol plants we extend data envelopment analysis (DEA) to decompose the economic efficiency of plants into conventional sources (technical and allocative efficiency) and a new component we call marketing efficiency.
This dataset provides a listing of U.S. locations where ethanol transloading occurs as of April 2010. Transloading happens when railcars carrying ethanol are spotted at a specifici rail station, facility or siding that allows tanker trucks to pull alongside and transfer ethanol to the truck. The trucks then make deliveries of ethanol to blending terminals associated with the gasoline/petroleum pipeline delivery systems to be mixed into E10 or E85 prior to delivery to commercial refueling stations.
This dataset provides a listing of U.S. locations where unit train deliveries of ethanol occur as of April 2010. A unit train, also called a block train, is a rail train in which all the cars making it up (the consist) are shipped from the same origin to the same destination, often carrying only one commodity, without being split up or stored en route. The train requires only assembly at the point of origin, with assembling and disassembling trains at rail yards being unnecessary.
The location of ethanol plants is determined by infrastructure, product and input markets, fiscal attributes of local communities, and state and federal incentives. This empirical
analysis uses probit regression along with spatial clustering methods to analyze investment activity of ethanol plants at the county level for the lower U.S. 48 states from 2000 to 2007.
The availability of feedstock dominates the site selection decision. Other factors, such as access to navigable rivers or railroads, product markets, producer credit and excise tax
Supply chain management involves all of the activities in industrial organizations from raw material procurement to final product delivery to customers. The main aim in supply chain management is to satisfy production requirements, while optimizing the economic objectives. In traditional fossil fuel supply chains, huge amounts of fossil fuels are transported via pipelines or tankers with very small costs. These fuels can be transformed into other sources of energy or transportation fuels at their destination points.
A method is presented, which estimates the potential for power production from agriculture residues. A GIS decision support system (DSS) has been developed, which implements the method and provides the tools to identify the geographic distribution of the economically exploited biomass potential. The procedure introduces a four level analysis to determine the
theoretical, available, technological and economically exploitable potential. The DSS handles all possible restrictions and
The rapidly expanding biofuel industry has changed the fundamentals of U.S. agricultural commodity markets. Increasing ethanol and biodiesel production has generated a fast-growing demand for corn and soybean products, which competes with the well-established domestic livestock industry and foreign buyers. Meanwhile, the co-products of biofuel production are replacing or displacing coarse grains and oilseed meal in feed rations for livestock.